Porto is actually the second most important city in Portugal behind its capital, Lisbon. The name and political entity of Portugal derived from the ancient name of the city “Portu Cale” (Cale harbor), later Porto e Gaia.
Porto’s Cathedral has its origins in the 12th century, although it underwent many alterations over time. The Gothic rose window is the only part of the original façade that remains, especially after Baroque alterations in the 18th century. This is located in the historical center of the city and it is one of the most important Romanesque monuments in Portugal. Here was where Prince Henry, the Navigator was baptized and where King John I married the English Princess Philippa of Lancaster in the 14th century.
THE CLERIGOS TOWER
The Saint John’s parties is the biggest festival on the Porto calendar, attracting people from all over the country to the historic city centre for a huge party that features musical events, barbecueing in the streets, a massive fireworks display and people banging each other on the head with plastic hammers.
"TRIPAS À MODA DO PORTO"
“Tripas à moda do Porto” is a Portuguese dish particulary traditional from Porto. It is beef stomach with white beans and it is eaten simultaneously with rice.
Francesinha was an invention in the 1960s when Daniel da Silva, a returned emigrant from France, tried to adapt the French toast “croque-monsieur” to Portuguese taste. Although it can be found somewhere else in Portugal, this sandwich is originally from Porto.
"BACALHAU À GOMES DE SÁ"
Bacalhau à Gomes de Sá is a typical dish from the city of Porto, being today popular throughout all Portuguese territory, and it is considered nowadays one of the Portugal’s greatest codfish recipes.
The Douro River is one of the longest and largest rivers of the Iberian Peninsula. It crosses all the North part of the Peninsula, makes part of the Portuguese/Spanish border due to its profound and difficult to cross valley, and arrives to the Ocean at Porto, the second largest town of Portugal. In its international and Portuguese path, the River Douro crosses two main types of soil: slate and granite, the second being the nearest to the Atlantic Ocean. It is in its upper part that the River Douro produces a unique and extraordinary micro-climate “inside” its banks. Months of extreme heat during Summer time conflict with long months of extreme cold, during the rest of the year. Unique conditions of humidity are also fundamental to characterize this micro-climate that, in conjugation with the soil particular composition produces one of the World most extraordinary wines: the Port Wine.